Making a Husk Doll


1 Ne' kathywi' he nkayek kasynik ne unnya' kaya'ta'.
I'm talking about how to make a husk doll.

2 Ne' tyutyeht hsates'' unnya' kyek te'utki', ta un hseshatt, ta un hsestya'k ne' watakwhta's'aa'kk.
First get the husks ready and clean them, and then dampen them, and then cut them in small, narrow strips.

3 Ye' ny thsat'syt'.
Take six strips and lay them in a pile.

4 Ta un ye' ny ahs', ta un hswatase' ne un'' awt'.
Then take six more, and then wrap them around the end of the first pile to make the head of the doll.

5 Ne'hu ny hswatase' wiyu'he't un'' awt'.
Wrap enough to make and shape the head.

6 hsehsiytht' akwas watkwt unnya' tthsekwathu'.
Lay a string across a wide husk and fold one end over the string.

7 thsehsiytythu' wtskwi ne awt' un'kyt awuwe'sh' un''ke.
Pull the string and shirr to make the top of the head and head covering.

8 hse'hwk n-un'' ne' n-akwas twatkt unnya'.
Fit the wrapped head piece into the head covering.

9 hswatase' kahsiy'ta' un'' awt'.
Tie the string around the base of the head real tight.

10 Thsekhahsi' teuwatwe' kaya'ta'ke.
Split the ends from neck down to make the body.

11 Ke ny hswe'nni' unsha' awt'.
Trim pieces to roll for arms.

12 Tsyw' hewe tesakhahs.
Cross the roll at base of head where you split the body apart.

13 Thsya'twt nkaneshs'.
Think how long the arms are going to be.

14 Kahsy' hsehsiytase' unshu'kt'.
Tie the ends of the arms.

15 hsya'k teknik ne' wtta yensha'ke.
Cut two for cross pieces on the shoulders.

16 hswh' kaya'ta'ke.
Tie under arms to hold in place.

17 Tekn wtakwht' ka'khw' awt' wthwatse' yeya'ta'ke.
Two wide pieces for skirt to go around the body.

18 swh' kahsy' yeya'ta'ke thaayaku'kh's.
Tie string around her waist so her skirt won't come down.


Glossary

(1) Ne' kathywi' he nkayek kasynik ne unnya' kaya'ta'.

ne' -- [particle]
kathywi' -- I will tell about it
- Future prefix, -k- 1sA/A prefix, -athyuwi- tell about something [Simple]
he -- [particle]
nkayek -- how it will be done
n- Partitive + Future prefixes, -ka- NsA/C prefix, -ye- do something [K-Stative]
kasynik -- it will be made
- Future prefix, -ka- NsA/X prefix, -syny- make something [K-Stative]
ne -- [particle]
unnya' -- husk, cornhusk
u- NsP/C prefix, -nny- husk, cornhusk, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
kaya'ta' -- doll
ka- NsA/C prefix, -ya't- body, doll, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix.

(2) Ne' tyutyeht hsates'' unnya' kyek te'utki', ta un hseshatt, ta un hsestya'k ne' watakwhta's'aa'kk.

ne' -- [particle]
tyutyeht -- it is first, it has priority
t- Cislocative prefix, -y[u]- NsP/A prefix, -atyeht- something be first, something have priority [Stative]
hsates' -- you will get ready
- Future prefix, -hs- 2sA/A prefix, -ates'a- get ready, prepare [Simple]
unnya' -- husk, cornhusk
u- NsP/C prefix, -nny- husk, cornhusk, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
nkayek -- how it will be done
n- Partitive + Future prefixes, -ka- NsA/C prefix, -ye- do something [K-Stative]
te'utki' -- it is not dirty
te'- Negative prefix, -u- NsP/X prefix, -tki- something be dirty [Stative]
ta un -- and now, so then
hseshatt -- you will dampen it
- Future prefix, -hse- 2sA/X prefix, -shatht- dampen something [Simple]
ta un -- and now, so then
hsestya'k -- you will cut it in pieces
- Future prefix, -hse- 2sA/X prefix, -stya'k- cut something into pieces [Simple]
ne -- [particle]
watakwhta's'aa'kk -- they will continue to be narrow
w- NsA/A prefix, -atakwhta's'aa- things be narrow, -'kk "Endurative Suffix". Note that we might expect this word to have the Partitive prefix {ni...}, as well. It may have possibly been dropped due to the immediately preceding particle ne'.

(3) Ye' ny thsat'syt'.

ye' -- six (6)
ny -- it is that amount
ni- Partitive prefix, -y- NsA/ prefix, -- be a certain amount [Stative]
thsat'syt' -- you will make a pile (out of them)
t- Dualic + Future prefixes, -hs- 2sA/A prefix, -at'syut- make a pile [Simple]

(4) Ta un ye' ny ahs', ta un hswatase' ne un'' awt'.

ta un -- and now, so then
ye' -- six (6)
ny -- it is that amount
ni- Partitive prefix, -y- NsA/ prefix, -- be a certain amount [Stative]
ahs' -- more
ta un -- and now, so then
hswatase' -- you will wrap it around
- Future prefix, -hs- 2sA/C prefix, -watase- turn something around [Simple]
ne -- [particle]
un'' -- head
u- NsP/C prefix, -n'- head, -- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
awt' -- it becomes
Strange word, somehow based on -at'- become something

(5) Ne'hu ny hswatase' wiyu'he't un'' awt'

ne'hu -- [particle]
ny -- it is that amount
ni- Partitive prefix, -y- NsA/ prefix, -- be a certain amount [Stative]
hswatase' -- you will wrap it around
- Future prefix, -hs- 2sA/C prefix, -watase- turn something around [Simple]
wiyu'he't -- it will become good
- Future prefix, -w- NsA prefix [irregular], -iyu'he'- become good [Simple]
un'' -- head
u- NsP/C prefix, -n'- head, -- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
awt' -- it becomes
Strange word, somehow based on -at'- become something

(6) hsehsiythtaa' akwas watkwt unnya' tthsekwathu'.

hsehsiytht' -- you will lay the string down flat
- Future prefix, -hse- 2sA/X prefix, -hsiy- string, - Linker Vowel, -thta- lay something down flat [Simple]
akwas -- very
watkwt -- it is wide
w- NsA/A prefix, -atakwht- something be wide [Stative]
unnya' -- husk, cornhusk
u- NsP/C prefix, -nny- husk, cornhusk, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
tthsekwathu' -- you will fold it over it there
tt- Dualic + Future + Cislocative prefixes, -hse- 2sA/X prefix, -kwathw- bend, fold something [Simple]. Note that we might expect this word to have the form tthsehsa'kwthu', but it appears that the verb base here has been shortened, using the form that normally only occurs following an incorporated noun base.

(7) thsehsiytythu' wtskwi ne awt' un'kyt awuwe'sh' un''ke.

thsehsiytythu' -- you will pull the string
t- Future + Cislocative prefixes, -hse- 2sA/X prefix, -hsiy- string, t...atythw- pull something towards yourself [Simple]. Note that the incorporated noun base -hsiy- causes the initial /a/ of the verb base to change into //.
wtskwi -- it will be wrinkled
- Future prefix, -w- NsA/A prefix, -atskwi- something be wrinkled [Stative]. Note the regular change of the /a/ at the beginning of the verb base into //. Note also that we would expect the final vowel here to be long, wtskw.
ne -- [particle]
awt' -- it becomes
Strange word, somehow based on -at'- become something
un'kyt -- on top of the head
u- NsP/C prefix, -n'- head, -- Linker Vowel, -kyat- something be on top [Stative]
awuwe'sh' -- covering
aw- NsP/O prefix, -uwe'sh- covering, -- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix. Note that the expected form of the NsP/O prefix here would be simply a-.
un''ke -- on the head
u- NsP/C prefix, -n'- head, -- linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix.

(8) hse'hwk n-un'' ne' n-akwas twatkt unnya'.

hse'hwk -- you will cover it
- Future prefix, -hse- 2sA/X prefix, -'huwek- cover something [Simple]
n-un'' -- head
n- short form of ne, u- NsP/C prefix, -n'- head, -- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
ne' -- [particle]
n-akwas -- very
n- short form of ne, akwas very
twatkt -- ???
unnya' -- husk, cornhusk
u- NsP/C prefix, -nny- husk, cornhusk, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix

(9) hswatase' kahsiy'ta' un'' awt'.

hswatase' -- you will wrap it around
- Future prefix, -hs- 2sA/C prefix, -watase- turn something around [Simple]
kahsiy'ta' -- string
ka- NsA/X, -hsiy't- string, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix. Compare this word with uhsy' string.
un'' -- head
u- NsP/C prefix, -n'- head, -- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
awt' -- it becomes
Strange word, somehow based on -at'- become something

(10) Thsekhahsi' teuwatwe' kaya'ta'ke.

thsekhahsi' -- you will split it in two
t- Dualic + Future prefixes, -hse- 2sA/X prefix, te...khahs- split, divide something in two [Simple]
teuwatwe' -- ???
kaya'ta'ke -- on the body, doll
ka- NsA/C prefix, -ya't- body, doll, -a- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix

(11) Ke ny hswe'nni' unsha' awt'.

ke -- four (4)
ny -- it is that amount
ni- Partitive prefix, -y- NsA/ prefix, -- be a certain amount [Stative]
hswe'nni' -- you will make it round, roll it up
- Future prefix, -hs- 2sA/L prefix, -we'nny- make something round, roll something up [Simple]
unsha' -- arm
u- NsP/C prefix, -nsh- arm, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
awt' -- it becomes
Strange word, somehow based on -at'- become something

(12) Tsyw' hewe tesakhahs.

tsyw' -- you will make a barrier, a bar, a cross??
t- Dualic + Future prefixes, -hs- 2sA/C prefix, te...hyw- be/make a barrier [Simple]. Note that the /h/ at beginning of the verb base drops out between /s/ and /y/, and that the /h/ of the 2sA/C prefix -hs- also drops, before the sequence /sy/, although that doesn't seem to always happen as a rule.
hewe -- where
Apparently a variant form of hwe
tesakhahs -- you have split it in two
te- Dualic prefix, -sa- 2sP/X prefix, te...khahs- divide, split something in two [Stative]

(13) Thsya'twt nkaneshs'.

thsya'twt -- you will cover the body???
nkaneshs' -- how long the arms will be
n- Partitive + Future prefix, -ka- NsA/C prefix, -nsh- arm, -es- various things be long [Simple]. Note that we would expect this word to have the form: nkanshs'

(14) Kahsy' hsehsiytase' unshu'kt'.

kahsy' -- string
ka- NsA/X prefix, -hsiy- string, -- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
hsehsiytase' -- you will tie the string around it
- Future prefix, -hse- 2sA/X prefix, -hsiy- string, -- Linker Vowel, +tase- spin, turn something [Simple]
unshu'kt' -- end of the arms
u- NsP/C prefix, -nsh- arm, -u'kt- several things come to an end [Stative]

(15) hsya'k teknik ne' wtta yensha'ke.

hsya'k -- you will cut it off
ë- Future prefix, -hs- 2sA/C prefix, -ya'k- cut something off [Simple]
teknik -- two??
ne' -- [particle]
wtta -- ???
yensha'ke -- on her arm
ye- FsA/C prefix, -nsh- arm, -a- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix

(16) hswh' kaya'ta'ke.

hswh' -- you will tie it around it
- Future prefix, -hs- 2sA/L prefix, -waha- tie something around something else [Simple]
kaya'ta'ke -- on the body, doll
ka- NsA/C prefix, -ya't- body, doll, -a- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix

(17) Tekn wtakwht' ka'khw' awt' wthwatse' yeya'ta'ke.

tekn -- two (2)
wtakwht' -- they will be wide
- Future prefix, -w- NsA/A prefix, -atakwht- several things be wide [Simple]. Note the regular change of the /a/ at the beginning of the verb base into //.
ka'khw' -- skirt
Apparently variant form of ka'kha'??
awt' -- it becomes
Strange word, somehow based on -at'- become something
wthwatse' -- it will wrap around it
- Future prefix, -w- NsA/A prefix, -athwatase- spin, turn, wrap around something [Simple]. Note the regular change of the /a/ at the beginning of the verb base into //.
yeya'ta'ke -- on her body, doll
ye- FsA/C prefix, -ya't- body, doll, -a- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix

(18) swh' kahsy' yeya'ta'ke thaayaku'kh's.

hswh' -- you will tie it around it
- Future prefix, -hs- 2sA/L prefix, -waha- tie something around something else [Simple]
kahsy' -- string
ka- NsA/X prefix, -hsiy- string, -- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
yeya'ta'ke -- on her body, doll
ye- FsA/C prefix, -ya't- body, doll, -a- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix
thaayaku'kh's -- so that her skirt would not fall down on her (by accident)
thaa- Contrastive + Optative prefixes, -yaku- FsP/X prefix, -'kha- skirt, -'se- something accidently falls down [Simple]. Note that we're still a little unclear about -'kha-...??

Author: Kathryn Jamieson, Allegany, Steamburg August 1974
Recorded and transcribed by [TM]
Glossary [JL:4/96]
Uploaded [4/96]