Ne' ne Hekhk's N'w

An Event in the West
1 Ytynyni ne nu'y. 2 Ne' ne hekhk's akwanke' tusk n-nekuwn. 3 Ne' huik hnteystahkwa' kuwn ha'ty kty' kanskway' khu kahatay' khu katayth khu.

4 kwatsiyy' kwashn tsi't'sh' watws. 5 Wa'akwatykwa sh ne tsy teyu'skwt ne' kt ne ka'hhsa'ke uht'kw.

6 "N niyy' huik tsy unkte'," wa' ne ha'ni. 7 Ne' ne wa'kwe' huik ne kanskwa' kwtiya'takhas. 8 Ska' ne utiytha' wah' ne' ne tsy ka'hhsa'ke. 9 Ne' ne kanskwa' haya'takhas waahahsi' n-utiytha'. 10 Tsikwas sayakw' ne tsy.

11 Tniksa'kw hnteystahkwa'ke ne' ne utiytha' wnh' ne tsy ka'hhsa'ke. 12 "T' tewakattsni khey's?" thusnye' ne shakyns. 13 "Sheyatka sh," wa' ne ha'ni.

My mother was a teacher. We lived in California near the Pacific. It was a big school with a farm and cows, a woods and orchard.

We had a bird dog. All at once we noticed that his testicles were swollen.

"Well I wonder what's wrong with that dog," said my father. We went to the vet. Somebody had tied a rubber band around the dog's testicles. The doctor untied it. Soon the dog was better again.

Two boys from the school had tied the rubber band around the dog's testicles. "What do you want me to do with them?" said the policeman. "Just let them go," said my father.


Glossary

(1) Ytynyni ne nu'y.

ytynyni -- she teaches, she is a teacher
y[]- FsA/A prefix, -atynyani- teach [Habitual]
ne -- [particle]
nu'y -- my mother

(2) Ne' ne hekhk's akwanke' tusk n-nekuwn.

ne' -- [particle]
ne -- [particle]
hekhk's -- the West
he- Trannslocative prefix, -ka- NsA/C prefix, -hk- sun, -'- something falls, goes down [Habitual]. Literally "the sun goes down [sets] there"
akwanke' -- we live, dwell
akwa- EpA/C prefix, -nk- live, dwell [Stative]
tusk -- near, close by
n-nekuwn -- the ocean
n- short form of ne, - NsP/L prefix, -nek- water, -uwan- something be big [Stative]. Literally "the big water"

(3) Ne' huik hnteystahkwa' kuwn ha'ty kty' kanskway' khu kahatay' khu katayth khu.

ne' -- [particle]
huik -- there
hnteystahkwa' -- school
hn[]- MpA/A prefix, -ateyst- learn, -a- Linker Vowel, -hkw- Instrumental suffix [Habitual]. Literally: "they use it for learning"
kuwn -- it is big
k- NsA/O prefix [Irregular], -uwan- something be big[Stative]
ha'ty -- everything
ha'te- Translocative + Dualic prefixes, -y- NsA/ prefix, -- be a certain amount [Stative]
kty' -- field, meadow (is there)
k[]- NsA/I prefix, -it- field, meadow, -a- Linker Vowel, -y- have something [Stative]
kanskway' -- domesticated animals (are there)
ka- NsA/C prefix, -nskw- domesticated animal, -a- Linker Vowel, -y- have something [Stative]
khu -- and, also, too, as well
kahatay' -- woods (are there)
ka- NsA/C prefix, -hat- woods, forest, -a- Linker Vowel, -y- have something [Stative]
khu -- and, also, too, as well
katayth -- orchard
ka- NsA/C prefix, -ht- wood, tree, -a- Linker Vowel, -ythw- plant something [Stative]. Literally "planted trees".
khu -- and, also, too, as well

(4) kwatsiyy' kwashn tsi't'sh' watws.

kwatsiyy' -- we have a dog
kwa- EpP/X prefix, -tsiy- dog, -- Linker Vowel, -y- have something [Stative]
kwashn -- we have a tame one?
kwa- EpP/X prefix, -shen- be tame [Stative]??
tsi't'sh' -- birds
tsi't'- bird, -sh' Plural Suffix A variant of tsi't'sh'??
watws -- it hunts, it's a hunter
w- NsA/A prefix, -atuwt- hunt [Habitual]

(5) Wa'akwatykwa sh ne tsy teyu'skwt ne' kt ne ka'hhsa'ke uht'kw.

wa'akwatykwa -- we noticed it all at once
wa'- Factual prefix, -akw- EpA/A prefix, -atykwa- notice something suddenly [Simple]
sh -- [particle]
ne -- [particle]
tsy -- dog
teyu'skwt -- its testicles
te- Dualic prefix, -yu- NsP/X prefix, -'skwa- rock, stone, -- Linker Vowel, te...t- two things are standing [Stative]. Literally: "its two standing stones". It is not clear why we don't get teyu'skwat.
ne' -- [particle]
kt -- it means
k[]- NsA/I prefix, -it- mean something [Stative]
ne -- [particle]
ka'hhsa'ke -- on its testicle(s)
ka- NsA/X prefix, -'hhs- testicle, -a- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix
uht'kw -- it has swollen up, it is swollen
[u]- NsP/A prefix, -aht'kw- something swells up [Stative]

(6) "N niyy' huik tsy unkte'," wa' ne ha'ni.

n -- [particle]
niyy' -- ???
huik -- there, that
tsy -- dog
unkte' -- it is unwell
u- NsP/C prefix, -nkt- something be unwell, sore, sick [Stative]
wa' -- he said
wa- Factual prefix, -h- MsA/ prefix, -- say something [Simple]. Note that the /h/ of the MsA/ prefix is weak, and so is dropped out when it comes between two vowels.
ne -- [particle]
ha'ni -- my father

(7) Ne' ne wa'kwe' huik ne kanskwa' kwtiya'takhas.

ne' -- [particle]
ne -- [particle]
wa'kwe' -- we went
wa'- Factual prefix, -akw- EpA/E prefix, -e- go [Simple]
huik -- there, that
ne -- [particle]
kanskwa' -- domesticated animal
ka- NsA/C prefix, -nskw- domesticated animal, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
kwtiya'takhas -- she cures them
kwti- Fs/NMdp/C prefix, -ya'takeha- cure, heal someone [Habitual]

(8) Ska' ne utiytha' wah' ne' ne tsy ka'hhsa'ke.

ska' -- someone, somebody
ne -- [particle]
utiytha' -- rubber, rubber band
[u]- NsP/A prefix, -atiyt- something stretches? [Habitual]
wah' -- he tied it around something
wa- Factual prefix, -ha- MsA/C prefix, -ha- tie something around something [Simple]. Note that the /h/ of the MsA/C prefix is weak, and so is dropped when it comes between two vowels. We might expect wawah' in NYMingo.
ne' -- [particle]
ne -- [particle]
tsiy -- dog
ka'hhsa'ke -- on its testicle(s)
ka- NsA/X prefix, -'hhs- testicle, -a- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix

(9) Ne' ne kanskwa' haya'takhas waahahsi' n-utiytha'.

ne' -- [particle]
ne -- [particle]
kanskwa' -- domesticated animal
ka- NsA/C prefix, -nskw- domesticated animal, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
haya'takhas -- he heals, cures
ha- MsA/C prefix, -ya'takeha- cure, heal [Habitual]
waahahsi' -- he untied it from around something
wa- Factual prefix, -ha- MsA/C prefix, -hahs- untie something from around something else [Simple]. Note that the /h/ of the MsA/C prefix is weak, and so is dropped when it comes between two vowels.
n-utiytha' -- rubber, rubber band
n- short form of ne, [u]- NsP/A prefix, -atiyt- something stretches? [Habitual]

(10) Tsikwas sayakw' ne tsy.

tsikwas -- soon
sayakw' -- it felt healthy again
sa- Repetitive + Factual prefix, -ya- NsP/ prefix, -kwe- feel healthy [Simple]
ne -- [particle]
tsy -- dog

(11) Tniksa'kw hnteystahkwa'ke ne' ne utiytha' wnh' ne tsy ka'hhsa'ke.

tniksa'kw -- two boys
te- Dualic prefix, -ni- MdA/X prefix, -ks- child, -a- Linker Vowel, -'- Noun Suffix, -kw Augmentative Suffix Note that the MdA/X prefix -ni- makes the preceding vowel long.
hnteystahkwa' -- school
hn[]- MpA/A prefix, -ateyst- learn, -a- Linker Vowel, -hkw- Instrumental suffix [Habitual]. Literally: "they use it for learning"
ne' -- [particle]
ne -- [particle]
utiytha' -- rubber, rubber band
[u]- NsP/A prefix, -atiyt- something stretches? [Habitual]
wnh -- two guys tied it around something
wa- Factual prefix, -ni- MdA/C prefix, -ha- tie something around something else [Simple]. Note that the MdA/C prefix -ni- makes the preceding vowel long.
ne -- [particle]
tsy -- dog
ka'hhsa'ke -- on its testicle(s)
ka- NsA/X prefix, -'hhs- testicle, -a- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix

(12) "T' tewakattsni khey's?" thusnye' ne shakyns.

t' -- what
tewakattsni -- I need
te- Dualic prefix, -wak- 1sP/A prefix, te...attsuni- need [Habitual]
khey's -- I will do it to them
- Future prefix, -khe- 1s/3dp/C prefix, - ye'se- do something to someone?? [Simple]
thusnye' -- he said it
t- Cislocative prefix, -hu- MsP/X prefix, t...snye'- say something [Stative]
ne -- [particle]
shakuyns -- police, policeman
shaku- Ms/Fs prefix, -yen- catch, grab something (or someone?) [Habitual]. Literally "he catches people"

(13) "Sheyatka sh," wa' ne ha'ni.

sheyatka -- leave them be, let them go
shey- 2s/3dp/A prefix, -atka- release, let go of someone [Imperative]
sh -- just, only
wa' -- he said
wa- Factual prefix, -h- MsA/ prefix, -- say something [Simple]. Note that the /h/ of the MsA/ prefix is weak, and so is dropped out when it comes between two vowels.
ne -- [particle]
ha'ni -- my father

Written by: [TM:4/96]
Glossary by: [JL:4/96]