nyhsatkus Unhkw'

Watermelon Seed
1 "Ukwny katha't' n-ytwnu'yk?" tkusnye' wa'k'.
"Can I borrow your telephone?" she said.

2 "T' kw?" u'ki'. "Te'sawn' n-s'a?"
"What for?" I said. "Didn't you use to have one of your own?"

3 "Tks nae, kw he utts' kwa' khu."
"Yes, but it's broken."

4 "S nae ha'tekakt shethahas?" u'kheyat'.
"Whom do you have to talk to?" I asked her.

5 "Shakuyns nae ha'tekakt eynk."
"I have to call the police."

6 "Shakuyns? Nae na'u't n'w? Ku'yk nae sk'?"
"The police? What happened? Did somebody get shot?"

7 "Th' nae sh. Huyth nyhsatkus."
"No. The neighbor planted a watermelon."

8 "Nae uka' n-nyhsatkus akeka'has. Kanu' khu nekhu hsythu' ks," u'ki' twakesnye'.
"I really like watermelons. But it's hard to grow them around here," I said.

9 "y' nae sh ukhst nekhu kaehty tahke. Te'ts' n-nyhsatkus su'tsi usnwe' utn."
"It seems the ground is too fertile. The watermelons are worn out from growing so fast."

10 "T' niuyth?" u'kheyat'.
"How did he plant it?" I asked her.

11 "N n'tewattae' n'k' waasht' kaka'ta'. Ak uhtak kuwn n'w'he't. Ha'tekaktak sh kw'ke hu'sy. Su'tsi kuwn. Tykwa si hu'wa's't he khte'. Tewathiht ka'skw'sh'. Kanyu' waeknt huik unhkw'ke hukw hutihht, ne'hu n ne' wai wihak ha'tekakt shakuyns eynk."
"Last week he staked it to a white oak. Wow, did it ever get big fast. He had to ship it out on a flatcar. It was so big. Suddenly it fell off into the river. It broke up on the rocks. When I saw him paddling down the river on a seed, I thought I had better call the police."

12 "Ak!" u'ki'.
"Ak!" I said.

13 "Ukwny n katha't' n-ytwnu'yk?"
"Now can I borrow your telephone?"

14 "Niyu," u'ki'.
"Alright," I said.


Glossary


(1) "Ukwny katha't' n-ytwnu'yk?" tkusnye' wa'k'.

ukwny -- it is possible, can
u- NsP/X prefix, -kweny- something be possible [Stative]
katha't' -- I will borrow it
- Future prefix, -k- 1sA/A prefix, -atha't- borrow something [Simple]
n-ytwnu'yk -- telephone
n- short form of ne, - Future prefix, -y[]- FsA/A prefix, -at- Middle prefix, -wn- word, voice, -u'yak- throw something [Simple]. Literally "people will throw their voice".
tkusnye' -- she has said it
t- Cislocative prefix, -ku- FsP/X prefix, t...snye'- say something [Stative]
wa'k' -- she said
wa'- Factual prefix, -ak- FsA/ prefix [Irregular], -- say something [Simple]

(2) "T' kw?" u'ki'. "Te'sawn' n-s'a?"

t' kw? -- why? What for?
u'ki' -- I said
u'- Factual prefix, -k- 1sA/I prefix, -- say something [Simple]
te'sawn' -- you didn't use to have one, it didn't used to belong to you
te'- Negative prefix, -s- 2sP/A prefix, -aw- something belongs to someone [Stative Past]
n-s'a -- you
n- short form of ne, s'a you

(3) "Tks nae, kw he utts' kwa' khu."

tks -- really, actually, indeed, yes
nae -- [particle]
kw he -- however, but
utts' -- it is broken
[u]- NsP/A prefix, -atts- something breaks [Stative]
kwa' -- completely, fully, totally
khu -- and, also, too, as well

(4) "S nae ha'tekakt shethahas?" u'kheyat'.

s -- who?
nae -- [particle]
ha'tekakt -- it is necessary, must, have to
ha'te- Translocative + Dualic prefixes, -ka- NsA/X prefix, -kt- do something(?) [Stative]
shethahas -- you will talk to them
- Future prefix, -she- 2s/3dp/X prefix, -thani- talk to someone [Simple]
u'kheyat' -- I asked her
u'- Factual prefix, -khey- 1s/Fs/A prefix, -at- ask someone something [Simple]

(5) "Shakuyns nae ha'tekakt eynk."

shakuyns -- police, policeman
shaku- Ms/Fs prefix, -yen- catch someone or something [Habitual]. Literally "he catches people".
nae -- [particle]
ha'tekakt -- it is necessary, must, have to
ha'te- Translocative + Dualic prefixes, -ka- NsA/X prefix, -kt- do something(?) [Stative]
eynk -- I will call him
- Future prefix, -hey- 1s/Ms/I prefix, -nk- call someone [Simple]. We might expect this form to be enk, at least in NYMingo.

(6) "Shakuyns? Nae na'u't n'w? Ku'yk nae sk'?"

shakuyns -- police, policeman
shaku- Ms/Fs prefix, -yen- catch someone or something [Habitual]. Literally "he catches people".
nae -- [particle]
na'u't -- what (kind of thing)?
n'w -- how it happened
n'- Partitive + Factual prefixes, -aw- NsP/ prefix, -- something happens [Simple]
ku'yk -- someone has been shot
ku- FsP/X prefix, -i'yak- shoot something (or someone?) [Stative]. Note that the /i/ at the beginning of the verb base disappears here.
nae -- [particle]
sk' -- someone, somebody

(7) "Th' nae sh. Huyth nyhsatkus."

th' -- no, not
nae -- [particle]
sh -- just, only
huyth -- he has planted it
hu- MsP/C prefix, -ythw- plant something [Stative]
nyhsatkus -- watermelon
- NsP/L prefix, -nyhs- melon, -atku- something be raw [Habitual]?? Literally "raw melon".

(8) "Nae uka' n-nyhsatkus akeka'has. Kanu' khu nekhu hsythu' ks," u'ki' twakesnye'.

nae -- [particle]
uka' -- it is delicious, it tastes good
u- NsP/X prefix, -ka'- something tastes good, something is good to eat [Stative]
n-nyhsatkus -- watermelon
n- short form of ne, - NsP/L prefix, -nyhs- melon, -atku- something be raw [Habitual]?? Literally "raw melon".
akeka'has -- I like to eat it
ake- 1sP/X prefix, -ka'h- like to eat something [Habitual]
kanu' -- it is hard, difficult
ka- NsA/C prefix, -nu- something be hard, difficult [Stative]
khu -- and, also, too, as well
nekhu -- [particle]
hsythu' -- you will plant it
- Future prefix, -hs- 2sA/C prefix, -ythw- plant something [Simple]
ks -- repeatedly?
u'ki' -- I said
u'- Factual prefix, -k- 1sA/I prefix, -- say something [Simple]
twakesnye' -- I have said it
t- Cislocative prefix, -wake- 1sP/X prefix, t...snye'- say sumething [Stative]

(9) "y' nae sh ukhst nekhu kaehty tahke. Te'ts' n-nyhsatkus su'tsi usnwe' utn."

y' -- it seems
nae -- [particle]
sh -- just, only
ukhst -- it is more X, it is Xer
u- NsP/X prefix, -khs- face, +ut- something stands [Stative]. Literally "it's face is standing"??
nekhu -- [particle]
kaehty -- the soil is good, fertile ground
ka- NsA/C prefix, -heht- ground, soil, dirt, -iyu- something be good, nice [Stative]. Note that the /h/ at the beginning of the incorporated noun base -heht- is weak, and so is dropped when it comes between two vowels.
tahke -- very, much, too much, overly
te'ts' -- it is worn out
n-nyhsatkus -- watermelon
n- short form of ne, - NsP/L prefix, -nyhs- melon, -atku- something be raw [Habitual]?? Literally "raw melon".
su'tsi -- so very
usnwe' -- it is fast
u- NsP/X prefix, -snuw- be fast, quick-moving [Stative]
utn -- it grows
[u]- NsP/A prefix, -atni- grow [Stative]

(10) "T' niuyth?" u'kheyat'.

t' -- what?
niuyth -- how he has planted it
ni- Partitive prefix, -hu- MsP/C prefix, -ythw- plant something [Stative]. Note that the /h/ of the MsP/C prefix is weak, and so is dropped when it comes between two vowels. Note also that the combination of the particle t' and the Partitive prefix on this word yields the meaning how?.
u'kheyat' -- I asked her
u'- Factual prefix, -khey- 1s/Fs/A prefix, -at- ask someone something [Simple]

(11) "N n'tewattae' n'k' waasht' kaka'ta'. Ak uhtak kuwn n'w'he't. Ha'tekaktak sh kw'ke hu'sy. Su'tsi kuwn. Tykwa si hu'wa's't he khte'. Tewathiht ka'skw'sh'. Kanyu' waeknt huik unhkw'ke hukw hutihht, ne'hu n ne' wai wihak ha'tekakt shakuyns eynk."

n -- [particle]
n'tewattae' -- last week?
n'k' -- ???
waasht' -- he staked it to something??
wa- Factual prefix, -ha- MsA/X prefix, -sht- stake something to something else [Simple]. Note that the /h/ of the MsA/X prefix is weak, and so is dropped when it comes between two vowels.
kaka'ta' -- white oak tree
ka- NsA/X prefix, -ka't- white oak tree, -a- Linker Vowel, -' Noun Suffix
ak -- wow, gee, golly, gosh, boy
uhtak -- after??
kuwn -- it is big
k- NsA/O prefix [Irregular], -uwan- something be big [Stative]
n'w'he't -- it became that size
n'- Partitive + Factual prefixes, -w- NsA/A prefix, ni...a'he'- something becomes a particular size [Simple]. Note the regular change of the /a/ at the beginning of the verb base into //.
ha'tekaktak -- it was necessary, had to
ha'te- Translocative + Dualic prefixes, -ka- NsA/X prefix, -kt- do something(?) [Stative Past]
sh -- just, only
kw'ke -- on the railroad
k[]- NsA/I prefix, -iw- wire, -- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix
hu'sy -- he has hauled it
hu- MsP/X prefix, -'sy- haul, pull, drag something [Stative]
su'tsi -- so very
kuwn -- it is big
k- NsA/O prefix [Irregular], -uwan- something be big [Stative]
tykwa -- sudden;y, all of a sudden
si -- ??
hu'wa's't -- it fell there
hu'- Translocative + Factual prefixes, -w- NsA/A prefix, -a's'- something falls [Simple]
he -- where
khte' -- the river is (there)
k[]- NsA/I prefix, -ih- river, -- Linker Vowel, -t- exist [Stative]
tewathiht -- it has broken apart into pieces
te- Dualic prefix, -w- NsA/A prefix, te...athiht- something breaks apart into pieces [Stative]
ka'skw'sh' -- rocks, stones
ka- NsA/X prefix, -'skwa- rock, stone, -- Linker Vowel, -'- Noun Suffix, -sh' Plural Suffix. Note that the /a/ at the end of the noun base is changed into // before the Linker Vowel //.
kanyu' -- when
waeknt -- I saw him
wa- Factual prefix, -he- 1s/Ms/X prefix, -knt- see something?? [Simple]
huik -- there
unhkw'ke -- on the seed
u- NsP/C prefix, -nhkw- seed, -- Linker Vowel, -'ke Locative Suffix
hukw -- he was paddling
hu- MsP/X prefix, -kawe- to row, paddle [Stative]
hutihht -- he was going downstream
h[u]- MsP/A prefix, -atihht- go downstream [Stative]
ne'hu -- [particle]
n -- [particle]
ne' -- [particle]
wai -- [particle]
wihak -- I thought??
ha'tekakt -- it is necessary, must, have to
ha'te- Translocative + Dualic prefixes, -ka- NsA/X prefix, -kt- do something(?) [Stative]
shakuyns -- police, policeman
shaku- Ms/Fs prefix, -yen- catch someone or something [Habitual]. Literally "he catches people".
eynk -- I will call him
- Future prefix, -hey- 1s/Ms/I prefix, -nk- call someone [Simple]. We might expect this form to be enk, at least in NYMingo.

(12) "Ak!" u'ki'.

ak -- wow, gee, golly, gosh, boy
u'ki' -- I said
u'- Factual prefix, -k- 1sA/I prefix, -- say something [Simple]

(13) "Ukwny n katha't' n-ytwnu'yk?"

ukwny -- it is possible, can
u- NsP/X prefix, -kweny- something be possible [Stative]
n -- now, at this time
katha't' -- I will borrow it
- Future prefix, -k- 1sA/A prefix, -atha't- borrow something [Simple]
n-ytwnu'yk -- telephone
n- short form of ne, - Future prefix, -y[]- FsA/A prefix, -at- Middle prefix, -wn- word, voice, -u'yak- throw something [Simple]. Literally "people will throw their voice".

(14) "Niyu," u'ki'.

niyu -- alright, okay
u'ki' -- I said
u'- Factual prefix, -k- 1sA/I prefix, -- say something [Simple]

Story by: [TM:4/96]
Glossary by: [JL:4/96]
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